Featured – Careers & Education https://www.careersandeducation.com The number 1 source for training programs and schools. Mon, 17 Aug 2020 02:41:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.5.1 HVAC Technician https://www.careersandeducation.com/hvac-technician Mon, 04 Jul 2016 17:51:49 +0000 https://careersandeducation.com/?p=2356 Contents Overview Job Description Work Environment How to Become an HVAC Technician Training & Schools Exams and Certification University Education Important Qualities Salary and Working Hours Salary by State     […]

The post HVAC Technician appeared first on Careers & Education.

  1. Overview
  2. Job Description
  3. Work Environment
  4. How to Become an HVAC Technician
    1. Training & Schools
    2. Exams and Certification
    3. University Education
  5. Important Qualities
  6. Salary and Working Hours
    1. Salary by State


hvac technician



Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) technicians work in a rapidly growing, challenging, and technical industry with plenty of opportunities. Advancement in this field is mostly based on experience and skill, not on degrees or formal education. If you learn quickly and have an aptitude with practical and technical work, it is more than possible to develop a high-paying, stable career working as an HVAC technician. It is even viable to create your own company in the HVAC industry, allowing you to control your own work and earn a higher salary.

The HVAC industry is one the most stable, consistent industries in the economy. After all, people always need heating and air conditioning, even if there is an economic depression. Between 2011 and 2012 alone, employment in the HVAC industry grew by 21%, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics expects this rapid job growth to continue (Advanced Technology Institute). This is nearly double the growth rate of other jobs. If you are a trained and effective HVAC worker, you can expect consistent, well-paying work.

If you are interested in practical engineering, a career in HVAC may be an ideal option. This industry involves working with complicated machinery and systems, which gives you abundant opportunities to decipher perplexing problems. Of course, there are a variety of difficulties of working in HVAC, which this article will detail in full. A few the most significant disadvantages are uncomfortable work conditions, relatively high chance of injury, and low pay for entry-level positions. However, a career in HVAC can be a jumpstart into more advanced and better-paying fields, like electrical engineering or mechanical engineering.

Job Description

If society didn’t have HVAC technicians, we would still be huddling under blankets and sweaters in our freezing houses or sweating in our sweltering cars. Without the work of the HVAC industry, preserving food and medicine would be almost impossible. HVAC workers have a significant opportunity to directly affect the daily life of their customers.
There is no typical day in the HVAC technician’s career (HVAC Career Now). Every day brings a new situation to deal with and different, unique problems to solve. Many HVAC workers love this aspect of their job. They never do the same thing every day, and work is almost never monotonous, predictable, or repetitive.

One day, you might be working to install a complex air conditioning system at a huge commercial building. The next day, you might be called to fix or inspect the heating and cooling mechanisms of several ordinary homes. Often, HVAC technicians work on a single contract for several weeks. For example, a building company may hire you to install ventilation in every house in an entire neighborhood. The wide variety of tasks available makes working in HVAC interesting, refreshing, and flexible.

Much of your job as an HVAC technician will involve extensive planning. You cannot simply bring your tools and start installing systems immediately. Before taking out any hammers, pipe cutters, or pressure gauges, you need to study the building’s blueprints (HVAC Excellence).

Analyzing the blueprints will allow you to figure out where the heating or cooling systems should be installed. Often, this is the most difficult and complex part of the job. It requires serious thinking, intense problem solving, and an ability to evaluate the pros and cons of installing in a certain location.

After you’ve completed the planning phase, you will move your tools and materials into place and start the technical work. In almost any HVAC job, you will have to cut existing pipes and connect different pipes together. This requires you to be very careful. Cutting the wrong pipe or connecting the wrong pipes together can be a disastrous mistake that leads to hours or days of lost time, lost costumers, and reduced income.

You will use a wide variety of tools to complete the task at hand. Here’s a partial list of tools you may use as an HVAC technician:

  • Hammers
  • Wrenches
  • Drills
  • Pipe cutters and benders
  • Measurement gauges
  • Acetylene torches
  • Voltmeters
  • Thermometers
  • Pressure gauges
  • Blow torches
  • Screwdrivers
  • Carbon monoxide testers
  • Combustion analyzers

As you can see, you won’t just be fixing and installing machinery using basic tools like hammers and screwdrivers. HVAC work also requires analyzing the chemical content of the air to ensure the building’s atmosphere is safe, gauging the pressure of pipes to ensure that they won’t break, and using electrical equipment to connect wires to your cooling and heating systems.

Safety should always be first on your mind as an HVAC technician. Even if the job is small, you have to constantly take safety precautions. For example, if you’re working with machinery that produces carbon monoxide, like furnaces or water heaters, you will need to set up a carbon monoxide alarm. You might have to lock out devices or shut off certain breakers to stop machinery from overheating or being overloaded with pressure. Finally, of course, you will always need to wear safety equipment like gloves, goggles, and thick clothing to protect yourself from the many dangers of working in the exposed interior of a building. All of these safety protocols are essential elements of working in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning installation and repair.

There are a few disadvantages of a career as an HVAC technician, as there are disadvantages of working in any industry. Exposure to extreme temperatures is almost a guarantee of working in the HVAC industry (Career Explorer). If the furnace in a house is broken during the middle of winter, you’re going to have to fix it in the cold. In the same way, if a recently constructed building doesn’t have air conditioning yet, you will have to install an AC system even if your area is in the middle of a blazing hot summer.

Work Environment

You will not have a constant or predictable work location as an HVAC technician. Most of the time, you will be moving from building to building, repairing, maintaining, and installing heating or cooling systems. You might work in an immense office building one day, a factory the next day, and a small home another day.

However, there are some constants in the work environment of HVAC technician. You will be working in cramped, uncomfortable, and awkward spaces very often (Occupational Outlook Handbook). This is the natural consequence of the work of HVAC technician. It involves fixing and installing machinery in very tight spaces in uncomfortable temperature conditions. Of course, you may have several hours where you’re talking to customers, planning out a system, or working in an office. But these are only brief respites from the confining and even painful conditions of normal HVAC work.

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning mechanics and installers have one of the highest rates of injury of all careers. According to one statistical analysis, HVAC mechanics and installers have the tenth highest injury rate in the United States (Career Builder). About 2.5% of HVAC technicians are injured on the job, compared to an average of 1% for most careers.

Most of these injuries are minor, and almost all of them are preventable. The same study from the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that injuries in the HVAC industry only required an average of 8 days away from work. This is much less than other careers in construction and engineering. For example, operating engineers have much more severe injuries, requiring an average of 23 days away from work. Finally, if you take the necessary precautions and ensure that you make your work environment as safe as possible, injury is very unlikely.

After a few years learning how to be an HVAC technician, you might start your own heating, cooling, and ventilation service. After all, one in ten HVAC technicians are self-employed (Occupational Outlook Handbook). This means you’ll be able to set your own schedule and control your work environment.

How to become an HVAC Technician

One of the most attractive aspects of a career in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning is that it does not require long-term training or an intensive university degree. This is in no way means the career is easy, or that you won’t have to do any high-level mental work. HVAC engineering is challenging, but most of the training is done on the job or in a brief training course. Over time, and by practicing in real situations, you’ll develop your skills and master the career. Here’s a summary of the requirements for becoming an HVAC technician.

HVAC Technician Schools

To get an entry-level job in the HVAC industry, you will almost certainly need a high school diploma and a certification of completion from a training program (Jobs for the Future). In general, certifications take six months to two years to earn, and involve 2000 hours of on-the-job training and 144 hours of technical training (Occupational Outlook Handbook). Some states require certification from the state government, and other states only require local certification. You can find out about the HVAC training opportunities in your state in the table below:


Alabama Alabama State Board of Heating and Air Conditioning Contractors
Alaska Regulation of Mechanical Administrators
Arizona Arizona Registrar of Contractors
Arkansas Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Licensing Board
California Contractors State License Board
Colorado State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection
Delaware Board of Plumbing, Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Examiners
District of Columbia Board of Industrial Trades
Florida Construction Industry Licensing Board
Georgia State Construction Industry Licensing Board
Hawaii Department of Commerce & Consumer Affairs, Professional and Vocational Licensing
Idaho Division of Building Safety
Illinois State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Indiana State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Iowa Iowa Plumbing and Mechanical Systems Board
Kansas State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Kentucky Public Protection Cabinet, Department of Housing, Buildings & Construction
Louisiana Louisiana State Licensing Board for Contractors
Maine State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Maryland Board of Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Contractors
Massachussets Department of Public Safety
Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry
Mississippi State Board of Contractors
Missouri State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Montana Montana Department of Labor & Industry
Nebraska Department of Labor
Nevada State Contractors Board
New Hampshire State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs
New Mexico New Mexico Regulation & Licensing Department
New York State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
North Carolina State Board of Refrigeration Examiners
North Dakota Secretary of State
Ohio Department of Commerce
Oklahoma Construction Industries Board
Oregon Construction Contractors Board
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry
Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training, Workforce Regulation and Safety
South Carolina Residential Builders Commission
South Carolina Contractor’s Licensing Board
South Dakota State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Tennessee Board for Licensing Contractors
Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation
Utah Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing
Vermont State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.
Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation, Board for Contractors
Washington Department of Labor & Industries
West Virginia Division of Labor Contractor Licensing
Wisconsin License, Permit and Registration Services
Wyoming State licensing not required. Local licensing may be.


As you can see, there are plenty of ways to get certified. While it is usually better to get your HVAC training in a physical, practical setting, you can take online HVAC certification classes. For example, the site HVACtrainingsolutions.net offers several training courses to get you started on the path toward a productive career in the HVAC industry.

After you complete your training program, you will usually advance onto a paid apprenticeship. In an apprenticeship, you work with an advanced HVAC technician, learning about the tools of the trade, the necessary safety precautions, dealing with customers, and reading blueprints. In this phase of your education, you will learn the practical aspects of being an HVAC technician. Apprenticeships do not involve intensive studying or class time, but they are often tough, because they require that you apply your knowledge to very complex systems and problems.

Also, there are some prerequisites to starting an HVAC apprenticeship. In most states, you must have a driver’s license, possess a high school diploma, pass an aptitude test involving math and engineering, have a verbal interview, and be able to speak and write fluent English.

Exams and Certification

After you have completed your HVAC certification course, you still have some more training to complete. If you want to be hired for an entry-level position, it is always a good idea to take an industry competency exam. This is a simple examination that tests both your practical skills and your theoretical knowledge in HVAC engineering (HVAC Classes). The North American Technician Excellence program offers several different tests. If you take any of these tests, they will enhance your credentials, improve your salary, and increase the likelihood of being hired at an excellent job.

Not only do employers require certain certifications, there are national requirements for being an HVAC technician. The most important of these is the EPA refrigerant handling certification. United States Environmental Protection Agency requires that all technicians who buy, handle, or work with refrigerants in any way be certified in proper refrigerant handling (Career Outlook Handbook). There are several training programs that help you study for the EPA test. Simply check in at the training program in your state and ask them about study programs for the EPA test, and they should be able to provide resources. Alternatively, there are study programs online, like the ESCO Institute EPA Test Study Program.

University Education

A college education is not required for a career in the HVAC industry, but it can certainly improve your pay and your prospects. If you obtain a Bachelor’s degree in an engineering field, you will blow away employers with your credentials. This can accelerate your progress dramatically. Some of the best majors for HVAC technicians are mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, mechatronics engineering, and architectural engineering.

Important qualities

Working in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning requires a very particular personality. It is not enough to simply enjoy working with your hands. You must also have strong communication abilities as you will have to talk to customers about their problems and potential solutions to their issues. You have to be able to work both in a team and alone. And maybe most importantly, you need to be persistent and determined. Working in HVAC can be very challenging and uncomfortable, and if you are not a resolute worker, you will probably not enjoy the job.

There are some critical indicators that you’d be excellent as an HVAC technician. For example, did you take a shop, engineering, or construction class in high school or college? If you loved that class, you will probably enjoy and excel working as an HVAC technician. However, the career is not just engineering. According to a real HVAC technician, “the two most important skills are problem-solving and communication” (Career Wise). Before your start working, you need to be able to be polite, friendly, and clear with customers, as you will often be working in your customer’s homes. On the job, you need troubleshooting skills and an ability to find the source of a complex problem. After you’ve identified the problem, you have to apply mechanical and physical skills to fix the issue.

To complete a job successfully, you need to plan meticulously and be very detail-oriented. If you miss a few details while studying the blueprint, you might waste several hours trying to work out how a system works when the solution is right in front of you. Also, since working in HVAC can be very dangerous, you need to remember to take a series of safety precautions. If you forget a single one of these precautions, you severely increase your chances of being injured. All of these aspects of being an HVAC technician require that you be intensely attentive on the job.

Basic physical fitness, endurance, and strength can be almost as important as mental and character qualities in the HVAC industry (Career Outlook Handbook). If you are not able to stand for prolonged periods of time without getting fatigued, being an HVAC technician will be very difficult. You also need to be able to lift heavy equipment and tools. Finally, it is a necessity to be physically capable of working in extreme temperature conditions, both hot and cold.

As an HVAC technician, handling intense stress well is an vital quality. Often, customers have no idea how difficult it is to work as an HVAC technician. They only want their air conditioning or heating fixed. Because of their lack of understanding about the HVAC profession, customers may verbally abuse and deride HVAC technicians. It is essential that you are able to ignore verbal abuse, and let it roll off you without affecting your work or your life. Also, the profession can be very demanding on your time. In certain seasons, you might work as much as twelve hours a day. Your boss will expect you to give up the rest of your life temporarily so that you can fulfill your duties at work. This can be very agitating and tough. If you don’t think you can deal with the intense pressure of being an HVAC technician, you probably want to investigate other professions.

The career of an HVAC technician is a mix between the work of a plumber, electrical engineer, and refrigeration specialist. As a result, the training to be an HVAC technician is very interdisciplinary. If you like learning several different types of skills instead of focusing on one area, the HVAC industry just might be right for you. Do classes like “Principles of Refrigeration,” “Air Conditioning Systems Design,” and “Renewable and Hybrid Energy Systems” sound interesting to you? If so, you will love the HVAC technician training process. These classes are required for most HVAC certification programs (Jobs for the Future). If you’re not remotely interested in any of these subjects, you may want to consider a career in a different area.

Salary and Working Hours              

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning is one of the highest-paid professions that does not require a Bachelor’s degree. The median annual salary for HVAC mechanics and installers is $43,080 (Occupational Outlook Handbook). On the other hand, HVAC engineers, more advanced technicians that usually have a degree in engineering, have a median annual salary of $82,100 (Occupational Outlook Handbook). HVAC technicians rarely have to go into debt to obtain an education, so their earnings can be immediately devoted to improving their quality of life.

In general, the most experienced technicians are paid far more than entry-level technicians. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, the lowest 10 percent of HVAC technicians earned less than approximately $28,000, and the highest 10 percent earned more than about $72,000. After working in the HVAC industry for five to ten years, you will probably see a dramatic improvement in your salary. This happens when employers and customers see that you are a more efficient, valuable, and effective worker.

In the first few years of your training as an HVAC technician, you will probably earn very little. Apprentices are usually paid about half the wage of experienced workers (Occupational Outlook Handbook). This is expected, however. During your apprenticeship, you should not be seeking to earn huge amounts of money. Instead, you should focus on learning the skills that will allow you to earn more in the future.

Once you develop a reputation as an effective HVAC technician, you may be able to start your own company that caters to the customers that especially appreciated your work. Starting a company can be very difficult. You should expect to initially work far more hours than usual. You must maintain quality practices, follow regulations, construct a good team of technicians, and build your customer base. Once you’ve established a solid company, however, you will earn a much higher salary, and you will be able to control your work schedule and environment (Harris). The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that 1 in 10 HVAC technicians are self-employed, which is a far greater proportion than most other industries. If you’re looking to make your own business, a career in HVAC may be perfect for you.

HVAC technicians usually work full-time. Your hours as an HVAC technician, however, are very dependent on the weather. After all, people only start to notice that they don’t have air conditioning when it’s blazing hot outside. And they usually don’t realize their heating system is down until winter has arrived in full force. In summer and winter, you will probably work a few more overtime hours. If the seasons are especially extreme, you might work significantly more than you expected. Of course, with more work comes more opportunity to earn money and grow your career.
If you do end up working an hourly job, your pay depends mostly on your skill. Usually, HVAC technicians working on an hourly schedule will be working on a short-term contract that is anywhere from a single day to a couple of weeks. The average hourly wage of HVAC technicians is between $19.29 and $28.28 (PayScale). There is some opportunity for earning even more when you’re working an hourly wage. If customers love your work or if you were particularly polite, they may offer you a tip. The average hourly tip is about $5 (PayScale). This doesn’t seem significant, but it can raise your hourly wage substantially. Finally, if you work overtime, you will usually be paid more than the standard hourly wage. The average overtime pay for an HVAC technician is between $18.24 and $42.36 per hour (PayScale). 

Salary by state

HVAC professionals that work in more populated, urban cities will be paid more than HVAC technicians in sparse, rural areas. This is simply because there is more demand for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning in places where there are more people. Areas like New York City, Washington D.C., and the California Bay Area all have very high average salaries for HVAC technicians. Additionally, the weather is a major factor in this industry. Areas with extreme temperatures have more demand for HVAC technicians, which usually increases salaries.

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The state with the highest average HVAC Technician salary is New York and Massachusetts, which pays about $49,000 annually (indeed.com) and the lowest can be found in Hawaii, with a pay of just $25,000 annually (indeed.com).



HVAC Excellence. “An Average Day for an HVAC Technician.” HVACTraining101.com. 19 Jan 2012. Web. 28 Jun 2016. LINK: http://hvactraining101.com/describing-a-typical-hvac-day/


Career Explorer. “A Day In The Life Of An HVAC Or Maintenance Technician.” CareerExplorer.com. N.d. Web. 28 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.careerexplorer.net/day-in-the-life-of/day-in-the-life-of-hvac-or-maintenance-technician


HVAC Career Now. “A day in the life of an HVAC technician.” HVACCareerNow.com. 6 Apr 2015. Web. 28 Jun 2016. LINK: https://hvaccareernow.com/blog/a-day-in-the-life-of-an-hvac-technician


Occupational Outlook Handbook. “Work environment of HVAC engineers.” Bls.gov. Bureau of Labor Statistics. N.d. Web. 28 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/installation-maintenance-and-repair/heating-air-conditioning-and-refrigeration-mechanics-and-installers.htm#tab-3


Career Builder. “10 of the country’s most dangerous jobs.” CareerBuilder.com. May 2014. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: http://advice.careerbuilder.com/posts/10-of-the-countrys-most-dangerous-jobs


Jobs for the Future. “Heating and Air Conditioning Technician.” Jff.org. N.d. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.jff.org/sites/default/files/JFF%2520City%2520Tech%2520Heating%2520AC%2520Technician%2520Best%2520Bet%2520Profile_0_0.pdf


Career Wise. “HVAC Engineer/ Mechanical Engineer Interview.” Careerwise.mnscu.edu. Minnesota State University. N.d. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: https://www.careerwise.mnscu.edu/industry/green/careers/hvac-mechanical-engineer.html


Harris, Angela. “Can You Handle Your Own HVAC Business?” Achrnews.com. 13 Sep 2010. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.achrnews.com/articles/115321-can-you-handle-your-own-hvac-business


PayScale. “HVAC Technician Salary (United States).” Payscale.com. N.d. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.payscale.com/research/US/Job=HVAC_Technician/Hourly_Rate


Advanced Technology Institute. “Career Forecast: What’s the Job Outlook for HVAC Technicians?” Auto.edu. 20 Aug 2015. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.auto.edu/blog/career-forecast-whats-the-job-outlook-for-hvac-technicians/


Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Occupational Employment and Wages: Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.” May 2015. Web. 30 Jun 2016. LINK: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes499021.htm


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Bank Teller https://www.careersandeducation.com/bank-teller Mon, 04 Jul 2016 17:46:59 +0000 https://careersandeducation.com/?p=2363 Contents Job description Work environment How can I become a bank teller Education requirements Aptitude tests Personality tests What to expect at bank teller interview and beyond Important professional qualities […]

The post Bank Teller appeared first on Careers & Education.

  1. Job description
  2. Work environment
  3. How can I become a bank teller
    1. Education requirements
  4. Aptitude tests
    1. Personality tests
  5. What to expect at bank teller interview and beyond
  6. Important professional qualities
  7. Bank teller salary and hours
    1. What kind of hours can you expect
    2. Entry-level hourly salary
    3. Entry-level yearly salary
    4. Possibilities of future earning
    5. Salary by state
    6. Salary by employer

bank teller


Money and its exchange not only drives our economy, but is one of the most important aspects of our culture. Banks give people a place to store that money, and help to bolster the economy through well-planned investments. If you’re looking for a new career, why not consider becoming a bank teller? You’ll get to meet a wide variety of people, learn new skills, and likely hone some of your existing ones! And this entry-level position can, to the right dedicated person, be a foot in the door to higher paying and more prestigious positions in the bank further down the line. It’s not for everyone, but if you’ve got solid mathematical skills and love to talk to people, being a bank teller may be a good choice for you.

What Does a Bank Teller Do?

Tellers are the bank employees who interface with most customers using the bank. Customer service is certainly a large part of this job, and applicants for teller positions will find that they are well served by having worked in cashiering, sales, or customer service in the past. Depending on the time of day and the location of your branch, things can get pretty hectic, and it is essential that bank tellers maintain a friendly and helpful attitude throughout even the longest rush. Bank tellers also provide customers with valuable information about their accounts and other potentially useful bank services that may be of interest to them.

Beyond interfacing with a majority of the bank’s customers, a bank teller’s most important duty consists of conducting the bank’s daily financial business. This is the primary function of a bank teller., so it’s important to be attentive and not to make mistakes or miscount. These transactions often include:

• helping customers with deposits to both checking and savings accounts

• handling withdrawals from both checking and savings accounts

• selling and redeeming savings bonds, in places where they are offered (not all banks offer savings bonds)

• issuing of items such as money orders and cashier’s checks

• dealing with balancing cash drawers and ATMs

• processing payments

• cashing customers’ checks

• taking payments on any loans through the bank

• exchanging American dollars for other foreign currencies

• answering customer’s questions about bank procedures and services offered

• ordering new or replacement bank cards and check books and canceling lost or stolen cards as reported by customers

• appropriate recording of all transactions using the bank’s electronic system

(Bureau of Labor Management, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Office-and-Administrative-Support/Tellers.htm#tab-2)

If the branch in question is small, tellers are also sometimes trusted to open new customer accounts and discuss loan options. At larger institutions, there are more specialized employees who typically handle these interactions. Those hoping to eventually become more specialized within the banking industry will find that starting out as a teller is a great way to get a foot in the door toward becoming a loan officer or other higher-ranking bank official.

Tellers are also the most likely employees to detect and prevent fraudulent charges and transactions, making them often the unsung heroes of their places of employment. People trying to pass off counterfeit currency and checks, or perform acts of identity theft and other nefarious tricks of modern day con men are a danger to both the banks and their customers.

Work Environment

Bank tellers typically work in the lobby of a branch bank, doing most of their work from their station on a teller line. The teller system usually includes a cash drawer, a receipt printer or validator, paperwork used in routine transactions, and proof work sorters. They interface directly with the customer, and function in this capacity as the friendly face of a bank’s local branch.

Many bank employees enjoy the perks of a typically fairly calm and quiet work environment. The occasional customer outburst not withstanding, banks are peaceful places. The A/C is always on. The employees are consistently courteous and friendly, which you should be too if you want to work at a bank. The environment is overall usually pretty serene.

How Can I Become a Bank Teller?

If this sounds appealing to you, there is an easy path to follow towards your ultimate goal of becoming a teller, and the requirements for this job are surprisingly few. Provided you are a trustworthy person who can prove it via a background check, you have a head for numbers, a high school education or its equivalent degree, you are likely eligible to become a bank teller. However, this job is not for everyone. Consider not only whether or not you are eligible, but also whether or not you will enjoy performing all of the functions required of you.

Education Requirements

The exact education requirements will depend on the bank you are applying for a position with, but for the most part nothing beyond a high school diploma or its equivalent will be necessary. There are college courses, primarily those dealing with mathematics, that can be helpful to have on your resume, but most banks do not require any kind of additional degree.

Most banks provide on-site training for new hires, so there’s no reason to worry if you haven’t yet accumulated any specific background in finances. This training typically lasts about a month. Over these four weeks a new teller can learn how to balance his or her drawer, how to verify signatures, how to use the specific computer programs in place at the bank, and how to advise customers about available services and products. Usually this training is provided by a more experienced teller.

Aptitude Tests

Applicants for bank teller positions at some banks will be asked to take a pre-employment aptitude test. Although not all banks require that applicants take them, anyone interested in handling large amounts of money for an occupation might want to brush up on their math skills anyhow.

These tests are designed to prove an applicant’s basic math and verbal skills, and their attention to detail. The tests themselves are often provided and graded by private companies such as Criteria Pre-Employment Testing (http://www.criteriacorp.com/) and Job Test Prep (https://www.jobtestprep.com/. These sites also offer sample tests and provide potential applicants with an opportunity to practice and hone their skills before going in for the real thing.

Personality Tests

Along with a basic aptitude test, some banks as well as many other businesses will require applicants to take a personality test. This test measures behavioral traits and helps employers determine whether or not applicants might be a good fit for the job. Used in a wide variety of corporate and commercial environments, the creation of personality profiles via these tests is intended only to help predict success and performance.

What to Expect at the Interview and Beyond

Background checks: Because you will be trusted with large amounts of money and investment earnings, most banks perform quite extensive background checks on any potential employees. If you’re not sure whether or not you can pass a background check, you might want to look into it before wasting your time on an application and interview. There is typically little leeway in this area.

Dress for success: On the job, bank employees are expected to dress business casual. As a bank teller, you are effectively the face of the bank. You should always look presentable and give off the impression of trustworthiness and competence. This goes for the interview as well. You don’t need to show up in a three piece suit, but probably save the sneakers, t-shirts, and jeans for another day.

Interview etiquette: Make sure to give the best possible first impression. You don’t usually have much time in an interview, so make the most of it. You will likely be asked about your motivations in seeking out this job, and your experience in other areas of customer service as well as banking products. Do some homework and learn the industry terms and common bank transactions. Try to brainstorm some responses to common interview questions. Can you explain adequately and confidently why you will be the best candidate for the job? If not, consider consulting a job coach before applying for the position. There is steep competition in the world of bank tellers, so make sure your resume is in great shape and you’re adequately prepared for your interview before you apply.

Important Professional Qualities

There are certain personality traits and previous experiences that may give you a head start if you aim to become a bank teller.

Math skills: Landing a job as a teller is about more than just being able to do basic arithmetic, but superior math skills are an absolute necessity for the job. You will be handling large amounts of money, and it is essential that it is all accounted for and counted correctly. If math was your favorite subject and kept you entertained for hours, this may be a good fit for you. If passing your tests posed a problem for you in high school, consider another career.

Customer service skills: As has already been noted above, money is more than just the mainstay of the economy. It is also an important aspect of American daily life and how people self-identify. Because of this, it is very important to have excellent communication skills and customer service skills. Being friendly and confident is a must, and most people simply want to perform their transaction and go about their day. But be prepared to handle some stressed out, excited, or even angry customers from time to time. How you help customers to deal with any potential problems they might be having and explain the bank’s policies and procedures can determine whether or not your company will continue to get their business. Prior experience as a sales cashier or as a customer service representative will look good on your resume, and may help to give you some idea of what will be involved.

Clear communication: You’ll need to explain the general workings of the bank from time to time, and help people to understand any financial services and promotions on offer at any given time by your bank. Being able to easily communicate about the customer’s needs and what you are doing will go a long way toward building positive relationships.

Attention to detail: Being able to consistently pay strict attention to what you are doing at your job is an essential element of success to a bank teller. In addition to needing to be able to count quick and do basic math, you really need to know at any given time whether it was a $10 or a $100 that just went into your drawer. Having to resort to recounting frequently wastes your time and the customer’s, which just isn’t a good sign to someone who is trusting you with their hard earned cash. The alternative is not to chance making a serious error that could end with your drawer coming up short, or a customer losing part of his or her paycheck. Plain and simple, bank tellers need to be constantly attentive.

Salary: how much do bank tellers make

Your wages as a bank teller will depend on your level of experience. As with any field, entry level employees can expect to earn less than their more experienced counterparts. As far as hourly wage and median yearly salary go though, bank tellers do fairly well for themselves. It can be a stressful job, and is one that consistently requires a large amount of integrity. The pay and opportunities provided for advancement can make it worth your while in the long run.

What Kind of Hours Can You Expect?

Most bank employees receive full time hours and benefits, but approximately one quarter of bank employees in 2014 worked only part time (BLS. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Office-and-Administrative-Support/Tellers.htm). Most banks offer their full time employees benefits packages and other incentives, making this a lucrative and desirable full time job that can easily be turned into a long term career by the right person.

Entry-Level Yearly Salary

The average annual wage for tellers was $26,410 in May of 2015 (http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Office-and-Administrative-Support/Tellers.htm#tab-5) , but you should expect to be started off at the lower end of the pay scale.

Entry-Level Hourly Wage

Hourly pay typically averages between $10 and $12 an hour, although it can be as low as $8. This depends largely on the area of the country in which you are looking for work, and the company with whom you end up finding employment.

Possibilities for Future Earning

Head tellers and lead tellers earn an average of $28,000 per year, and teller supervisors earn an average of $32,000. Accepting an entry level position to begin your career with a trusted bank can be a good financial move in the long run. This is particularly true of banks that offer their employees benefit packages, which luckily for you most do. On top of the high potential for moving up the ranks, working as a bank teller can be a boon to your resume should you decide not to pursue a career in banking. It shows any potential future employees that you are an organized and trustworthy employee. If you can be trusted with customers’ savings, it says good things about your strength of character that future employers in the banking industry or outside of it will appreciate.

Salary by State

The amount of money you can expect to make will, of course, vary based on where you live. This is the case in almost every field, as factors such as state taxes, general cost of living, and median wage in other industries all come into play. In general tellers in the North East can expect to earn more money even in entry level positions. Bank employees in the South East fare the worst in comparison to the rest of the country.

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Salary by Employer

Different banks also employ different pay scales for their employees, so both your entry level salary and what you can expect to earn as you move up the ranks will depend heavily on which company you work for. Employees of smaller local banks frequently enjoy better salaries and more benefits than their counterparts at larger national banks, so this is something to consider when putting in your application. However, accepting a base pay of even $10 an hour for an entry level position may be worth it in the long run as you move up the ranks and your salary increases.

Glassdoor.com has collected information on the typical employers who are hiring bank tellers. Among them are the Bank of America Corp., which pays their tellers around $25,139; the Capital One Financial Corp., which pays 25,766; and the Chase Bank, which pays an average of $23,720. CitiBank also pays their tellers around $28,228. The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. and Wells Fargo & Co. also pay their bank tellers around $18,096 to $22,791 to $24,228 per year, respectively.

Bank Teller Salary Per Hour Teller Salary Per Year
Chase $12 $23,720
Bank of America $13 $25,139
Wells Fargo $12 $24,532
Citibank $14 $28,228
PNC Financial Services $10.40 $22,791
Capital One $13 $25,766

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How To Become A Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse https://www.careersandeducation.com/how-to-become-a-pediatric-endocrinology-nurse Sat, 20 Jun 2015 07:56:10 +0000 https://careersandeducation.com/?p=1690 A Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse works with children who range in age from infancy to young adulthood that have medical issues relating to the endocrine system. The human endocrine system deals […]

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A Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse works with children who range in age from infancy to young adulthood that have medical issues relating to the endocrine system. The human endocrine system deals with the body’s glands and the hormones they secrete. So, when concerns of development and malfunction arise, it often becomes a life long issue that requires a treatment plan and years of health monitoring by a specialized licensed nurse who works along with an Endocrinologist to provide the best care possible for the patient.

Type of training that a Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse needs

A pediatric endocrinology nurse needs to be a registered nurse. The nursing credential could be an Associate Degree, a Bachelor Degree or a Licensed Professional Certification. After completing an accredited nursing program and passing the NCLEX-RN exam, the nurse can start to specialize in the field of endocrinology. There are no current certifications for this nursing specialty, primarily because the field is yet emerging. However, a registered nurse can seek to study the subject of endocrinology on their own or get specialized on the job training to become proficient at assisting patients, caregivers, and endocrinology physicians.

Online continuing education courses are a popular way for nurses to learn the specialized information needed to become a pediatric endocrinology nurse. Also, there are scholarships and grants available for professionals who want to further their education in this field of study. Some of the scholarships and grants are offered nationally, while others are from specific foundations whose goal is to advance medical knowledge regarding specific endocrine system diseases like diabetes or thyroid and pituitary problems.

Type of treatment a Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse will Provide

The human endocrine system consists of several glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood stream. Each gland is located in a different part of the body, however, if one or more gland is malfunctioning then it affects the output of the other glands and the body’s overall health. In children, these malfunctioning glands could effect their physical growth, sexual development, or cause health issues like diabetes and thyroid problems.

Currently Endocrinology doctors are focused on diagnostic evaluations and doing research to improve malfunctioning glands. And as our society makes advances in medical research and technology, care is needed to help endocrinology patients manage their medical issues through medication and lifestyle adaptations. That is why the job of the pediatric endocrinology nurse is becoming such a necessary part of the endocrinology treatment team of medical professionals. The pediatric endocrinology nurse will collaborate with the doctor and develop a treatment plan for each patient. They are in charge of relating that plan to the patient’s caregivers and monitoring the plan. The nurse will monitor the plan through asking questions, tracking information regarding symptoms, medications, and lifestyle activity. They will also need to do routine blood checks to monitor hormone levels.

Specific endocrine system related issues that a pediatric endocrinology nurse will see in patients:
Growth problems
Early or delayed puberty
Enlarged thyroid gland
Under/overactive thyroid gland
Hypo/hyper Pituitary gland function
Hypo/hyper Adrenal gland function
Ambiguous genitals
Ovarian and testicular dysfunction
Low blood sugar
Problems with Vitamin D

That is why their role as an illness educator and manager is so important. These endocrine issues will affect the children and their families throughout their childhood. But, if they learn to make healthy lifestyle choices, then they can still live a full and enriched life.

The Salary of a Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse

The salary of a pediatric endocrinology nurse will vary depending on what part of the country and in what type of facility they find work. A pediatric endocrinology nurse can work in variety of medical settings. These settings include children’s hospitals, university medical centers, large community hospitals, as well as private offices throughout the country. According to the website Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN.com) a pediatric endocrinology nurse can make up to $81,000 a year.

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5 Careers that pay more than $50 hour https://www.careersandeducation.com/5-careers-pay-50-hour Tue, 24 Feb 2015 18:56:15 +0000 https://careersandeducation.com/?p=1611 Are you trying to find a career where you can potentially make a lot of money? Read on if you want to find out more. Money does not buy happiness, […]

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Are you trying to find a career where you can potentially make a lot of money? Read on if you want to find out more.

Money does not buy happiness, as the saying goes. However, it can definitely make some of life’s problems easier to cope with. Therefore, why not find a career that blends a great salary with your interests?Why do certain careers pay considerably more than others? The amount of time that a person has spent learning and honing marketable skills is an important factor. The amount of supply versus demand for a position, as well as the amount of stress and responsibility the job involves are two more factors that often come into play.Read further to learn about careers that pay $50 per hour.

1. Computer and Information Systems Manager

Mean Annual Wage: $132,570*
Mean Hourly Salary: $63.74*

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If you work on your computer often and you are interested in technology, this career might be the one for you. A computer and information systems manager directs, coordinates and plans activities for a company that are specifically related to computers, according to the United States Department of Labor. The job also involves the implementation of various computer systems to help the business reach their goals regarding information technology.

How to Prepare: If this sounds like your dream job, the Department of Labor states that a bachelor’s degree in information science or computer science is required. You will also need related work experience.

Why It Might Pay: People in this profession generally have excellent people skills and technical knowledge. This combination is valuable to companies, so their pay is high. These people manage employees who perform at a high level, while also being able to relate to them. While retaining the talent pool, they ensure these employees work well together.

2. Compensation and Benefits Manager

Mean Annual Wage: $112,040*
Mean Hourly Salary: $53.87*

People who are both detail-oriented and analytical may find a compensation and benefits manager to be a solid career choice.

According to the Department of Labor, people in this profession are responsible for the planning, coordinating and directing of benefits and pay for businesses. This includes retirement plans, health insurance and pay structures.

How to Prepare: The Department of Labor states that a minimum of a bachelor’s degree is required. Degrees in finance, business administration, business management or some other related field would also be acceptable. This is because not every university offers a major in human resources.

Why It Might Pay: These people are paid for their confidentiality and professionalism. Their analytical and detail-oriented skillset is also an important factor in what they are paid.

3. Computer Hardware Engineer

Mean Annual Wage: $106,930*
Mean Hourly Salary: $51.41*

Computer hardware engineer would be a good career choice for people who like to find out what makes things work.

According to the Department of labor, people in this profession implement and design routers, networks, memory devices and processors.

How to Prepare: The Department of Labor says that a bachelor’s degree from a computer engineering program that is accredited will be necessary for entry into this field. Other acceptable degrees include electrical engineering or computer science.

Why It Might Pay: Positions involving computers usually pay well because there is a lot of demand for people with these skills.

4. Systems Software Developer

Mean Annual Wage: $104,480*
Mean Hourly Salary: $50.23*

People who have an analytical and creative side can thrive in the software development field.

The Department of Labor indicates that systems software developers test and design the operating software used by the communications, military and medical industries, among others.

How to Prepare: According to the Department of Labor, a bachelor’s degree in software engineering, computer science or another related field will be required.

Why It Might Pay: Many aspects of modern life depend on software. This has created a high demand for software developers.

The use of software in many products, the boom in e-commerce and the popularity of mobile devices are all key factors causing software developers to be in high demand. This has caused salaries in this job to increase.

5. Financial Manager

Mean Annual Wage: $126,660*
Mean Hourly Salary: $60.89*

If you are reading this article, you are most likely interested in money. People who are also interested in managing other people’s money should think about working as a financial manager.

The financial stability of a company is the responsibility of the financial manager. The Department of Labor says that determining a company’s financial goals, the creation of financial reports, investment option recommendations and management are some of the daily tasks of a financial manager.

How to Prepare: The Department of Labor says a person will first need to obtain a bachelor’s degree in business administration, economics, finance or accounting. It is also necessary to work in another financial or business job for a minimum of five years.

Why It Might Pay: The ability to handle high levels of stress and a great attention to detail are skills this job requires. Many people in this profession have an MBA, so they are compensated for this additional education.

Companies are now looking for financial managers who have obtained a master’s degree in a field such as finance, economics or business administration, according to the Department of Labor.

* The salaries in this article have been provided by the United States Department of Labor Occupational Employment and Wages data from May 2013.

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Average Salary of a Nurse Practitioner in 2016 https://www.careersandeducation.com/average-salary-nurse-practitioner-2016 Mon, 19 Jan 2015 05:56:36 +0000 https://careersandeducation.com/?p=615 Click on a state to view the average salary [visualizer id=”587″] In USD as of Jan 19, 2016. Source: indeed.com A nurse practitioner is a person who has completed advanced […]

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Click on a state to view the average salary

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In USD as of Jan 19, 2016. Source: indeed.com

A nurse practitioner is a person who has completed advanced nursing courses. The major difference between a Registered Nurse and an Advanced Practitioner Nurse (APN) is that APN’s are capable of managing acute and critical conditions. They collaborate with other health professionals and treat the patients. Advanced practitioner nurses can diagnose as well as treat the patients. The international council of nurses define Advanced Nurse practitioner as a person who has achieved an advanced education and training in the filed of nursing with skills such as decision making for expanded practice. When a registered nurse acquires a masters degree in any specific area of specialization along with the above mentioned kills, they qualify as an Advanced Practitioner Nurse.

Nursing Degrees and Programs


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Nurse practitioner job is a very demanding job and hence the pay for the job is pretty much impressive. The average annual pay for Advanced Practitioner Nurse is about $96,000, which is a decent package when compared to the average Registered nurse salary package. These figures indicate only the average annual salary and the salary may be higher or lower depending upon the experience of the Nurse. On a comparative note, the average annual salary of a nurse practitioner is greater than 57% higher than average annual salary of other jobs in the United States.

While the Advanced Practitioner nurses are paid higher than normal registered nurses, the APN’s who have a specialization in Oncology are paid even better. The average annual salary for Nurse practitioner Oncology is about $114,000 while in the Pediatric Oncology field is $80,000. The average annual salary of permanent practitioner nurses are much higher than that of an temporary practitioner nurse and is about $110,000. The Psychiatric nurse practitioner is also an impressive job with an average annual salary of about $100,000. The average annual salary for Advanced practitioner nurses are a bit higher in big cities such as New York, California and Texas etc, while California tops the list with an annual average salary of $99,000.

How to become a nurse practitioner?

Online schools and in campus programs available below:

See also: cardiovascular perfusionist salary
List of salaries by State (usd)

Alabama 97000
Alaska 70000
Arizona 79000
Arkansas 98000
California 103000
Colorado 85000
Connecticut 110000
Delaware 89000
Florida 109000
Georgia 59000
Hawaii 59000
Idaho 63000
Illinois 109000
Indiana 92000
Iowa 94000
Kansas 87000
Kentucky 83000
Louisiana 86000
Maine 85000
Maryland 99000
Massachusetts 115000
Michigan 97000
Minnesota 84000
Mississippi 100000
Missouri 94000
Montana 80000
Nebraska 70000
Nevada 73000
New Hampshire 94000
New Jersey 103000
New Mexico 83000
New York 116000
North Carolina 91000
North Dakota 85000
Ohio 92000
Oklahoma 88000
Oregon 93000
Pennsylvania 92000
Rhode Island 87000
South Carolina 94000
South Dakota 72000
Tennessee 89000
Texas 93000
Utah 75000
Vermont 85000
Virginia 96000
Washington 99000
West Virginia 90000
Wisconsin 85000
Wyoming 79000

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Continuing Studies Courses Help You Get Ahead https://www.careersandeducation.com/continuing-studies-courses-help-get-ahead Thu, 21 Nov 2013 20:34:33 +0000 https://careersandeducation.com/?p=207 A new trend sociocultural trend appears to be emerging: as the unemployment rate increases, so does enrollment in community colleges with associate’s degrees programs. As adults find themselves ousted from […]

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A new trend sociocultural trend appears to be emerging: as the unemployment rate increases, so does enrollment in community colleges with associate’s degrees programs. As adults find themselves ousted from their careers, obtaining a higher level degree helps bolster their resumes and makes them more marketable to employers.

In addition to associate’s degree programs, various types of colleges are reporting more enrollments in non-credit courses. This is a true testament to the mentality that improving one’s self is forever possible and that massive employee layoffs will not dampen America’s work ethic. Continuing education studies are administered for the sole purpose of enabling individuals to acquire more knowledge in a highly specific area – no certificate or diploma is obtained upon completion. Community college enrollment has increased considerably in the poor employment landscape since adults appreciate the low costs and convenient locations of these schools. So in order to meet demands, community colleges have expanded their continuing studies course offerings. As one director at Middlesex Community College in New Jersey told the New York Times: “I check with industry experts, census figures on demographics, watch the classes that have increased enrollment and maybe add a section of something similar.”

Many well-known colleges in metropolitan cities have strong job-oriented education programs, where industry professionals instruct students on how to get ahead in a particular field. New York University’s School of Continuing and Professional Studies, for instance, offers courses in advertising copywriting and music marketing taught by instructors who have gained esteemed in large New York City-based companies. While projects are completed and grades are given, there is no certificate or diploma given at the end of the course. But the valuable insight into specific industry sectors is invaluable to students looking to advance at their place (or a new place) of work.

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